Geography of Bolivia
Bolivia has an area of 1,098,581 Km2 (approximately five times the area of Great Britain). Since gaining independence in 1825, Bolivia has lost about half of the area of its territory during successive conflicts against all the neighboring countries: loss of Litoral during the Pacific war (Chile), annexations of the area of Acre in the North and Matto Grosso in the West (Brazil), loss of Chaco Central (Argentina) and Chaco Boreal in the South-East (Paraguay).
Country totally enclosed in the middle of the South American continent without any access to the oceans. In 1992, presidents Fujimori (Peru) and Paz Zamora (Bolivia) signed agreements defining a Bolivian 'free zone' of 327 hectares in the Peruvian harbour of Ilo, à 500km de La Paz, about 500km from La Paz. This provides Bolivia with an economically important access to the Pacific coast.
Bolivia is divided into three main geographical areas, each one is covered by three departments.
Bolivia is commonly regarded as a mountainous country. Actually, more than half (59%) of the area of Bolivia is classified as lowland.
Major Bolivian Cities - Summary Information
|Cities||Inhabitants (2003)||Altitude (m)||Department|
|Santa Cruz de la Sierra||1,170,000||440||Santa Cruz|
|La Paz||830,000||3,640||La Paz|
|El Alto||730,000||4,050||La Paz|
|San Ignacio de Velasco||20,000||590||Santa Cruz|
Famous Bolivian Summits
Bolivian World Heritage Sites Registered by UNESCO